– by David Kozlowski

Justice League is a fun but flawed superhero movie that’s weighed down by a lot of baggage, fair or not. By now you’ve heard about Justice League‘s bad reviews and poor initial box office, and you’re maybe wondering what the hell happened. Us too. Let’s talk through some of the issues plaguing Justice League — we’d love to hear your thoughts, too!

To preface, we’re all big Justice League fans here at LRM (our very own Joseph Jammer Medina gave it a B rating). The movie does a solid job establishing the characters, there are lots of big iconic moments, and the movie looks amazing (sometimes). Unfortunately, the various pieces and parts didn’t quite come together. There’s a list of stuff bothering us, and we’d like to talk it out before the holiday, if that’s OK with you?

Related – Justice League Hit, So What Happens Next With The DC Extended Universe?

Let’s break down five things that we think are at the heart of Justice League‘s problems…

And to listen to our podcast discussion on the film, check out the podcast below:

Nobody Wants To Be In Charge

Justice League is a team movie, and every team needs a quarterback. Unfortunately, for long stretches of Justice League there was no clear leader, neither Batman nor Wonder Woman aspired to be the face of the team — they knew Superman was that guy, shame he was dead. The vacuum created by their reticence to lead resulted in lots of bickering and sideways glances between the heroes — grinding the middle-act to a slog.

Eventually, the team figured out how to work together, and Batman ever-so-reluctantly directed the squad in battle. However, it still seemed like everyone was doing their own thing most of the time — the final battle between the League vs. Steppenwolf and his Parademons was chaotic and uncoordinated. Say what you will about The Avengers, but that moment when the team stood in a circle and Iron Man deferred to Cap, was thrilling and iconic… Justice League lacked such a pivotal moment.

Mandated 2-Hour Runtime Shortened Too Many Plotlines

Six major characters, a new team dynamic, flashbacks, a CG big bad, and a world-ending plot are collectively a bit much for a two-hour film. It’s a lot of stuff to wedge into any movie, but given a long-enough runway it could totally work… sadly, Justice League was assigned an impossible mission.

Because WB and DC chose to bypass origin movies for half of the team, they were compelled to intro them within Justice League. Meanwhile, Batman and Wonder Woman received extended (and unnecessary) intros, and then they both hit the road to wrangle the others. Basically, too much screentime was dedicated to meeting the team and bringing them all together. That’s fine if everything has room to breathe… but Justice League‘s scant two-hour runtime was way too spartan, and most of the character stuff felt rushed.

The one bright spot was Ezra Miller’s The Flash/Barry Allen, whose backstory was terrific; Flash’s arc was arguably the most interesting in the film. We got to know The Flash, and there was a lot to like; unfortunately for Aquaman and Cyborg, not so much. Also, the time required to get everyone into the same physical location meant that Steppenwolf’s intro and his by-the-book world domination plan were massively shaved down. The result: we got a cool team we barely knew facing-off against an lackluster adversary who’s slinging a half-baked, genocidal plot… a running battle ensues, our heroes win, high-fives all around, roll credits, the end. Sigh.

Superman’s Resurrection Was Ham-Fisted

Everybody on the planet knew that Superman was coming back, we just weren’t sure how. His absence from Justice League‘s posters and trailers created a false mystery, and it became an annoying elephant in the room. Ultimately, the team came up with a plan to bring him back, but is anyone happy with the way this was handled?

The short version: the mysterious motherboxes sought by Steppenwolf are bloody powerful — Cyborg is alive only because of them. Combining the motherboxes with leftover magical tech from Man of Steel‘s Kryptonian ship maybe-oughta resurrect Superman. Still with me? That’s an inelegant description, but it’s how it went down. Clunky as hell.

Fortunately, as a nice reward for suffering through this nonsense we were rewarded with an awesome fight between a confused-but-fighty Superman vs. the rest of the team. This brawl effectively established how incredibly powerful Superman is compared to everyone else. It worked and it was fun. Sadly, if you stop and think about this whole premise, it’s silly even by superhero standards (and kind of insults our intelligence).

Where In The World Is The Rest Of The World?

Batman v Superman, despite all its many flaws, was actually interested in exploring some very big ideas: the danger of unchecked power, the need for heroes, and the ramifications of government/corporate corruption. That’s heady stuff, and added layers and nuance to this film — and fans really, really liked it. Justice League started off strong, but then kind of quit trying — Superman was established a worldwide beacon of hope, but his absence gave rise to aggression, apathy, and anarchy. Nice! Too bad the movie goes nowhere with this concept.

Justice League opened with a clever smartphone video showing Superman shaking hands with firemen and hanging out with inner-city kids — it was a damned effective lead-in. Next, we saw a few moments of crime and mayhem in the streets following Superman’s death… and then that whole theme just kind of faded away. Once Justice League got rolling, spectacle took over and there was no more time for rumination or introspection — evil Parademons need to get punched! Great movies stick with us over the years because they invest in universal themes and resonating messages, and Justice League‘s choice to suppress its own themes turned this into just another CG spectacle.

Also, where are the world’s governments and militaries? Steppenwolf seeks violent world domination, but not a single jet or tank is to be seen. To my recollection, no one even knows that the Justice League exists, so why wasn’t anyone else fighting back. It’s strange and distracting, particularly when the UN and Congress were such prominent factors in Batman v Superman.

Luthor’s Post-Credits Cabal Was The Movie We Deserved!

Did you find the plot of Justice League confusing, flat, or paint-by-numbers? The story essentially boiled down to: a big-bad and his minions seeking out a powerful MacGuffin that can destroy the planet. Yawn. How many times has this alien invasion premise been the focus of a superhero film? It’s tired and cliched. Also, Steppenwolf was a terrible choice as the League’s first big threat, particuarly when Darkseid is hinted as the real hand behind the curtain — Darkseid was name-dropped only once, and surely he’d pop-up in the post-credits scenes, right? Welp, that’s when things got weird.

The second post-credits scene revealed that Lex Luthor had broken out of prison and retired to his yacht. Good for you Lex, gonna lay low for a bit, yes? Nope. Luthor is assembling his own superteam — of villains! When Deathstroke hopped aboard the remaining audience in my theater buzzed with sudden interest.

An Injustice League or a Legion of Doom? Now we’re talking! Most of our modern-day superhero films focus on just one single bad guy and his minions, but in this setup Luthor would lead a collection of high-powered villains who would (ideally) counter each member of the League. Holy crap, this is awesome… why wasn’t this the storyline of Justice League? This is the frickin’ movie we all deserved to see!!! Maybe five years from now, if we’re lucky. Dammit WB!

What worked or didn’t work for you in Justice League? Let us know in the comments down below!

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  • Javolo Javier

    Agree with the post-credits point. But “nobody likes the Luthor of BvS” they say. (I say he was part of what made BvS so great and profound.)
    Agree with the idea-driven BvS point vs the lost ideas in JL. But BvS was “too convoluted” and too serious and “we just want to have fun”.
    Completely agree with criticizing the 2 hour runtime mandate.
    Why is the way Superman’s resurrection was handled silly and an “insult to our intelligence”? I mean the Flash lightning bolt thing maybe, but come on… Luthor created Doomsday in that pit… Maybe some more in depth explanation of what that liquid is, but if they did that, “oh, DC is retconning”

    DC can’t win. They needed to learn not to care about what “fans” (and haters) supposedly want and trust Snyder (and help him, not “unhelp” him.)

    The movie was very enjoyable. Not as memorable as MoS and BvS, but completely worth watching as an introduction to an expansive universe. Which is more than I can say for a lot of universally acclaimed light comic book fare. which is what WB tried to do with this because we couldn’t handle serious.


    • Javolo Javier

      Hopefully WB won’t give up on the serialized movies that had JL be the sequel of BvS and BvS be the sequel to MoS, because Snyder established a lot of really cool possibilities that it would be a shame to waste. Including the Injustice League.

    • Mad Barchetta

      So, get out of the way and let Snyder do his thing? I believe that you, sir, would be in a very small minority on that opinion. Snyder was probably the worst thing to happen to the DCEU, because he HATES superheroes.

      • Javolo Javier

        Because he thought they could be handled in a more mature or serious way, in the sense of Greek tragedies and comedies, creating legends and myths, as opposed to American sitcoms, he “hates” superheroes… Cool.

        • Mad Barchetta

          Really? Snyder is now on a level that we can compare him to the writers of the great Greek tragedies? Uh….sure…. Please don’t attempt the argument for intellectual films and then point to Snyder as an example. You undermine your own argument when you do that.

          • Javolo Javier

            Nah. This is something he said explicitly he was looking to do with the construction of his vision. DC had the equivalent of the greek heroes and gods and he thought they were deserving of the myth-like treatment.

            It’s not a personal appreciation. It is what was behind the difference between what he wanted to do and what Disney was doing.

            Some people wanted sitcoms while Zack wanted to put out ideas and place a mirror as to our own journeys, faults and possibilities…

            I honestly dont really care. I “hate” superheroes too. I enjoy them, but am still hoping for something more meaningful.

          • Mad Barchetta

            Ok, well if Snyder wanted to do something on the level of a Greek tragedy, then his reach has exceeded his grasp, unfortunately. In his entire body of work , he’s really not approached Greek tragedy. One could make an exception for Watchmen, but that was so much a nearly beat-for-beat translation of Moore’s work to the screen, as opposed to a true adaptation, that I can’t give Snyder much credit for anything other than not messing up the story and getting the visuals down right. I can’t consider it a creation of his own.

            To say that the difference between DC and the MCU is analogous to Classic Plays vs Sitcoms is hyperbole, largely. Yes, some of the MCU is VERY focused on humor. And a good portion of it is not. Even those movies that rely heavily on humor, GotG for example, there is a core of tragedy within that informs the humor and also humanizes the characters.

            For me, GotG begins with the most heart-wrenching scene in ANY of these movies, MCU or DCEU. Throughout the movie we see the pain of Drax in losing his family, the physical pain and loneliness of Rocket being the subject of experimentation, Groot’s sacrifice of himself to save his friends. There are layers to that movie and I think it has an ability to get the audience to care about these characters more than anything I have seen in the DCEU, except Wonder Woman.

            And…WW is probably the most Marvel-like of the DCEU movies. You’ll note it has also been the most successful, critically and financially, of the DCEU movies so far.

            Denigrate what Marvel does if you like, but they are the best there is at what they do.

          • Javolo Javier

            What I am referring to is precisely Zack Snyder’s “reach”, irrelevant of our opinion of his “grasp”, independent of box office results (with WW coming in second to BvS), without “denigrating” Marvel movies and independent of what events in these universes affected us the most emotionally.

            The biggest example of this I think could come from comparing BvS and Captain America Civil War, which were released around the same time and shared similar themes about vigilanteism, fear of those who are different, worldwide government oversight and consecuences of unchecked power. In Snyder’s film, the themes were fundamental ideas that seemed to want to be explored, while in Civil War, they were plot devices.

            Independent of the execution, this difference in “seriousness” is what I am referring to.

            Like I commented in a previous article, It’s cool. I enjoyed WW and even the ridiculous SS like I enjoyed the majority of the Marvel movies, but I was sold on Snyder’s vision since MoS and while there is still a bit of reflexive intent specifically about the necessity of “uniting”, sharing, counting on others, it is obvious there was a change in what the studio, the director and the writers wanted to do.

          • Mad Barchetta

            “In Snyder’s film, the themes were fundamental ideas that seemed to want to be explored, while in Civil War, they were plot devices.”

            I disagree with this statement. I feel like both flicks utilized these themes in a fairly similar way, but I have to say that Marvel’s version actually had more long-lasting impact for their overarching storyline.

            For DC, the idea of unchecked power or oversight was the primary motivation for Batman to go after Superman, and I think it was useful as a discussion point, but I still think it was primarily a plot device to move toward the ultimate confrontation between the two heroes. Sadly, it feels to me like a largely missed opportunity because that conflict was something that would have been better had it been earned by establishing a long-term cooperative relationship between the two first.

            Snyder seemed to want to make a more reactionary and less thoughtful Batman than we’ve previously seen. His Batman was rather easily manipulated by Luthor and so quick to want to kill Superman, and it came across to me like it was all simply in service of justifying the confrontation of the title. And on both counts, I think he got Batman’s character wrong. So, ok, maybe he took some creative license to present the audience with a more fallible Batman, who had given up on his moral code. He can do that. However, I disagree with that creative choice, largely because I see it as a plot device.

            WB wanted their team-up movie PLUS a big fight between two iconic characters, and I think they were too impatient to let it grow naturally or represent the culmination of years that was the book from which they took their inspiration. Miller’s story was powerful because it built upon they decades of cooperation between the two, including they rather disparate styles, and then emphasized the idea of focused intellect and uncompromised moral code against pure power.

            Heck, the original book could actually be interpreted as being very AGAINST placing limits on the actions of superheroes. It was largely an anti-authoritarian piece, showing Batman as the real hero who did was necessary when needed, rather than bowing to any political power. (At least once he decided to come out of retirement, having always regretted giving up his vigilante ways.)

            Meanwhile, looking at CW, we have a story built upon 10 or so movies, wherein a relationship between the characters, primarily Stark and Rogers, has been established and now they find themselves divided by opinions about whether to submit to government management or not. Again, this starts much of the action, but also becomes mostly a plot device, as the real story revolves around Cap’s continued efforts to help his friend and the revelations to which those efforts lead.

            But, in the end, the Sokovia accords lead to situations that will continue into future stories, and have already had an impact on the events of Agents of SHIELD. By the events of Justice League, all questions about limits, government oversight, use of power, etc. seem to have been forgotten. Those themes did not seem to resonate beyond the motivation to get Batman and Superman fighting. Maybe a director’s cut would be different, but we don’t know yet.

            With CW, we don’t see a resolution of the divide between the two sides. They simply go their separate ways and we don’t know when or if it will all truly get resolved. The ramifications are farther reaching than what was brought up in BvS. So, it seems less plot device than it is part of the evolving MCU. Time will tell, though.

            So, largely, I agree and disagree. In both cases, the themes of the use of power and inherent responsibilities are explored, and both are primarily plot devices. However, at this point, it seems only one of the franchises actually took these themes to the point of having actual impacts felt from these themes. Future films will show just how accurate that statement will be, but that’s how I see it for now.

            i could be wrong.

      • I’m not a Snyder fan. I appreciate his strengths as a visual artist, but not as a storyteller. Whedon is great at dialog and character interactions, but his work in Justice League was bland and cringe-worthy — case in point, Lois to Superman, “you smell good.” Dude just came back from the dead, after being buried in a wooden box underground for months. Ugh.

        Also, did anyone notice that Superman was buried in a shallow grave? Flash pinged his shovel off the coffin when they were standing waist-deep. Weird.

        • Mad Barchetta

          I think we agree on all points. I would say that shoehorning Whedon into this movie had mixed results, at best. Too many of the jokes were cheap or easy, of the level you get at most sports bars on a Monday night.

          The “you smell good” part was something I had forgotten, but I remember it being a bit odd, too. I know women often tell their significant others things like that, but still… Maybe that’s just part of his powers? He also freshens the air as he fights evil?

          Did not pick up on the shallow grave. Perhaps the reshoots were so time-limited that they didn’t have time to dig any further down?

  • Johhny

    BvS was Trash i hated it.
    I liked Justice League yes it had problems but it was nice to see all the heroes together.
    The mother boxes activated when superman died why ?
    The Mother boxes have been on earth for hundreds of years why didnt they activate when superman wasnt born ?
    The problem with making superman so powerful is no drama he cant lose not a chance.
    Darkseid needs to be in the next movie make it a 2 parter. He can stand toe to toe with supes.

    • The hero-to-hero interactions were fun, I agree.

      I like the questions you raised. I had similar issues and confusion while watching Justice League.

      Why is it so hard to make a viable villain in these movies? Loki was awesome, and Zemo in Civil War was interesting, but that’s about it. Neither DC nor Marvel can figure out how to make a villain that we can care about or a villain whose plan is remotely viable. That said, Wilson Fisk was pretty solid in Daredevil, so excited he’s back in season 3!

  • Mad Barchetta

    I think you nailed this rather well, especially on point number 1.

    I think the part that most stood out for me was that Batman never felt like the iconic character he is. In the DC pantheon, he and Superman are twin icons for a reason. Superman represents all the hope and light to which people can aspire while also representing nearly unstoppable power. Batman represents “unenhanced” humanity reaching its maximum potential, both physically and mentally. He’s the guy without powers who can out-think, out-plan, and out-maneuver even the most powerful metahuman.

    He defeated Superman in BvS, for heaven’s sake!!

    Then, in this movie, he suddenly seems tentative, uncertain, and lacking in leadership qualities. He’s making jokes and dropping curse words when faced with danger. “What’s your super power, anyway?” “I’m rich.” I absolutely HATE that line!

    Batman doesn’t joke that he’s able to do what he does because he has money and privilege. Those are simply tools in his arsenal. Ted Kord drops that kind of joke. Maybe even the Arrowverse Ray Palmer. Batman is a finely-turned force of will, determined to bring justice to all, and ready to take on anyone, regardless of insurmountable odds. And then he wins!

    I get that the movie had a bit of a point in trying to cast Superman as inspirational to all, but I think they went overboard in diminishing Batman in the process.

    The DCAU Batman would slap Batfleck a couple times and yell “What’s wrong with you?? Get your act together!”

    And, yeah, that point about Supes being a bit OP? Totally agree with you there. Made it seem less like the Justice League and more like Superman and his Entourage.

    But I did enjoy the movie overall, despite these nitpicks. I also enjoy most of the Arrowverse, and I have even MORE issues with their narratives.

    • Victor Roa

      I’m not sure if Snyder really wanted connection on each film? Like as bizarre as that sounds, MoS and BvS are pretty wildly different, one was like Terrance mallick and the other was Joel schumacher. So any real connective tissue is really minimal. Superman died in the last film soooooo yeah, nothing really happened. But if there really was any real point to Batfleck was he was destroyed, got revived to fight this new god, but then only to be crushed again to be a child…. so this film he should be a leader? Again that’s what I mean like there’s no connection with these films, it’s basically like (if we got director’s cut)Snyder wants to believe each film is a new canvas of his art but his own projected insecurities about male form.

  • Lenin1959

    1. Direction
    2. Screenplay
    3. Some casting
    4. Art direction/design
    5. Character design/development

    Result: trainwreck.

  • Kronx

    The plot is literally the same as those multi-part GI Joe arcs from the 80s. The bad guy wants three whatevers to takeover the world. The good guys fight and fight, but the bad guy gets them anyway. Showdown. Credits.

    Most of the film’s problems stem from that poor choice of story.

    I think I would rather have had most of the film centered around Batman building a team to bring back Superman, and Wonder Woman building a team to stop him. Then, escaped Lex Luthor and Deathstroke pit them against each other to get the boxes and summon some sort of badass monster.

    At least in that scenario we get a conflict that isn’t cut and dry.

    I dunno. I still had fun with JL, but I’m running out of a desire to think about it anymore.

    • Kratos

      destro’s weather dominator…YESS!!!!

    • Well, said. I agree, Justice League was fun, but this was definitely a script lifted from Saturday morning cartoons, no doubt.

  • CrystalClearTruth

    I decided to pay the $18 to see this. Bad idea. Confirmed to me exactly why I download everything.

    • Victor Roa

      Downloading means it takes up HDD space, and even then it’s too much. Go with streaming, it would be like a bowl movement, in and out.

    • When you say “download,” you’re not implying piracy, right?

  • noel cruz

    I wonder when the will do an article about the five things Justice League got right? This film wasn’t perfect, but it is becoming ever apparent that people were ready to piss all over this thing even before the movie hit. Honestly – WB and DC are to blame. I would be interested to see Snyder’s cut only for the sake of comparison, but I feel the disappointment of BvS and the unnecessary “Suicide Squad” already laid out the coffin for this film.

    I honestly enjoyed this movie for what it was – comic book escapism. If you are fixated on Superman’s CG mustache then you’ve already doomed the movie even before the credits roll. Flash was great, Aquaman has left me excited for his standalone and Cyborg (who I feared would be completely forgotten in the film) actually turned out to be one of the better aspects of this film.

    Wheadon’s influence are ever apparent when the dialogue becomes funny or emotional accompanied by a fluffier Ben Affleck as it appears he got off his diet for the re shoots.

    Otherwise this film is not nearly as bad as critics say. If you intend to nit-pick through entire film, you’ve done both it and yourself a disservice.

    • Israel

      That’s not in the contract with Disney I’m afraid.

    • Thank you for your comments!

      • noel cruz

        My pleasure – I just feel that when people begin to trivialize something for no reason other than to find something wrong is just foolish. I actually walked into “Suicide Squad” with hopes that it would be a fun film, edgy and a redemption for the opera that was BvS. Sadly – IMO that film was even worse.

        I watched the Extended Cut of SS and it was even more evident that they wanted to channel the first “Guardians of the Galaxy”. With such a rich history of characters why would you try to imitate? ESPECIALLY when you are given the opportunity to bring The Joker back to the big screen for his 3rd (technically 4th) incarnation, and when they did not only did they cut the majority of his scenes out – but turned him in to some Club Kid/Gangster wannabe?! Seriously?! That is the use you make of a talented actor like Jared Leto in one of the most iconic comic characters ever?! Who Okay’d this bullshit?!

        This is why I feel JL should get more praise than criticism. They finally got it right – not perfect, but right.

  • Victor Roa

    that sounds like a Rob Liefeld comic book.

  • Israel

    “Also, where are the world’s governments and militaries? Steppenwolf seeks violent world domination, but not a single jet or tank is to be seen. ”

    Funny. I wondered the same at the end of Avengers

  • Tzar Namor

    I haven’t seen it so I won’t judge “Justice League” but my 11 and 6 year old boys who cram my dvr with all the CW shows have not asked me once to see it. I think that says allot since they made me order tickets to Thor a month in advance.

  • Deathstroke936

    It insults “our” intelligence …??? This is what the movie got wrong…??? So the way Surtur was handled was OK, the sudo science in Dr. Strange (no time) and Ant-Man was fine with you…??? Campy Thor is A-OK but JL is too silly when you think about it…

    People can complain all they want about the simple story and the vanilla villain… and I agree for the most part, but this was the movie that for better or worse half the team had to be introduced and they still had to handle bringing back Superman.

    I believe that was a calculated move. No matter what antagonist they’re against… will be playing second fiddle to bringing the team together… Why waste a great villain (they have already ruined two). And what the movie does get right is bringing the team together.

    A team story where the villain takes a backseat to the team coming together… But it seems that didn’t insult your intelligence when it happened in GOTG…

    Now that the JL is up and running (and someone limits their production budgets) now we can have a movie where the Legion of Doom can systematically take down the Justice League… (And please no Snyder or Terrio or Whedon)

    • the50sguystrikesback

      Well said.

  • Kevin Motionworkscinema Knight

    This movie lacked in so many ways. When superman returned it shouldve been epic like when batman returned in TDKR when he appeared after the bane bank heist. I got so many goosebumps I still feel it today! WB go back to the drawing board.

  • Veteran

    It would be one thing if WB/DC didn’t have decades of comic books to pull from but they do. They even have countless top-notch animated stories they could adapt directly. They have Bruce Timm and others successful showrunners. They even have Marvel’s blueprint to go by. They could take their time, introduce the characters slowly. Like Marvel did.

    But do they do any of that, hell no. So the the only explanation that I can come up with is that WB/DC don’t give a shit. So folks maybe you should stop going to see their films in the theater. Just a suggestion.


    If they’re still convinced they should be competing with Marvel they should stop right now!!!

    We’re going to be ten years deep into Marvel films before we get the grand finale we’ve all be waiting for with Infinity Wars next year. DC is blowing its wad by year two with this Justice League film which pretty much leads us into the big battle with Darkseid if they’re still planning on doing it.

    Now that I think about about it, this last film really made the need to bring in Darkseid obsolete. He would just be another bigger than life CGI monstrosity hell bent on the same mission that his uncle, Steppenwolf was trying to do in this film so what would be the point to do another film so similar?

    A good step in the right direction would be to explore all the alternate universes DC has under its belt in this mess of a shared film universe not to cause more damage to the main storyline. There’s a few excellent Batman, Flash and Superman tales that take place in an alternate timeline that deserve their own film.

    At this point I’m really not excited to see an Aquaman film or a Flashpoint film which is what they’re working on next. A decent Batman that’s more in line with the comics than Nolan’s take is needed though. Nolan hated super powered villains for Batman to go against and hated the idea than he would have an adolescent sidekick which pretty much limited a good percentage of what would be allowed in his films from 2005 – 2012.


    Another thing, Martian Manhunter and the most recent Green Lantern (Jessica Cruz) should have been incorporated for more balance in the team dynamic. Cyborg isn’t a crucial member for the startup of the team and I think his story was too “ham-fisted” as well. Somehow his powers were unique enough to do whatever was necessary with these ancient boxes to move the script along but it never was explained why.

David Kozlowski is a writer, podcaster, and visual artist. A U.S. Army veteran, David worked 20 years in the videogame industry and is a graduate of Arizona State University's Film and Media Studies.